A raw material that is found at all locations.


Unanimous Consent


See Uniform Code Council. Also see: EAN.UCC.


Uniform Customs and practice for Documentary Credits


see Uniform Communication Standard


Upper Explosive Limit


Upper Flammable Limit


Ultra High Frequency. (300-3000 MHz) The apparatus using these frequencies are the best one for internal communications on steel ships as they are not hampered by steel bulkheads.


Ultra High Pressure


User Interface.


United Kingdom Mutual


United Kingdom Association of Private Terminal Operators


UK Harbour Masters Association


UK Major Ports Group


UK Pilots Association (Marine).


Ukraine (Flag)


Underwriters Laboratories


Ultra Large Crude Carrier


See Unit Load Device.


Unit Logistics Management System

Umbrella Rate

An ICC ratemaking practice that held rates to a particular level to protect another mode's traffic.


Urgent Marine Information Broadcast


Reserve Unit Management Information System


1.Unattended Machinery Space,2.Universal Measurement System.


United Nations


See United Nations Standard Product and Service Code.


To cast off or untie. (See BEND.)

Unbundled Payment/Remittance

The process where payment is delivered separately from its associated detail.


Unknown future events that cannot be predicted quantitatively within useful limits.


United Nations Convention on the Law Of the Sea


United Nations Conference of Trade and Development


United Nations Conference on Trade and Development


The condition resulting from laying a course with smaller dimensions of length and/or width than the dimensions of the pallet or platform on which the course is laid.


United Nations Economic Commission for Europe.

Uni-block Course Pattern

An arrangement of warehousing units in which all lengths are laid in one direction.

Uniform Block

Any uniform combination of warehouse elements, i.e., units, tiers, rows, stacks, columns, bins, shelves or racks.

Uniform Code Council

A U.S. association that administrates UCS, WINS, and VICS and provides UCS identification codes and UPCs. Also, a model set of legal rules governing commercial transmissions, such as sales, contracts, bank deposits and collections, commercial paper, and letters of credit. Individual states give legal power to the UCC by adopting its articles of law.

Uniform Code Council (UCC)

A US association that administrates UCS, WINS, and VICS and provides UCS identification codes and UPC codes. Also, a model set of legal rules governing commercial transmissions, such as sales, contracts, bank deposits and collections, commercial paper, and letters or credit. Individual states give legal power to the UCC by adopting its articles of law.

Uniform Communication Standard

A set of standard transaction sets for the grocery industry that allows computer-tocomputer, paperless exchange of documents between trading partners. Using Electronic Data Interchange, UCS is a rapid, accurate and economical method of business communication, it can be used by companies of all sizes and with varying levels of technical sophistication.

Uniform Product Code (UPC)

A standard product numbering and bar coding system used by the retail industry. UPC codes are administered by the Uniform Code Council. They identify the manufacturer as well as the item, and are included on virtually all retail packaging. Also see: Uniform Code Council.

Uniform Resource Locator (URL)

A string that supplies the Internet address of a web site or resource on the World Wide Web, along with the protocol by which the site or resource is accessed. The most common URL type is http://, which gives the Internet address of a web page. Some other URL types are gopher:/, which gives the Internet address of a Gopher directory, and ftp://, which gives the network location of an FTP resource.

Uniform Warehouse Receipts Act

The act that sets forth the regulations governing public warehousing. The regulations define a warehouse manager's legal responsibility and define the types of receipts he or she issues.

Unit Clearance

Space allowed for handling clearance between columns or stacks, or between tiers in racks, shelves or bins.

Unit Cost

The cost associated with a single unit of product. The total cost of producing a product or service divided by the total number of units. The cost associated with a single unit of measure underlying a resource, activity, product, or service. It's calculated by dividing the total cost by the measured volume. Unit cost measurement must be used with caution as it may not always be practical or relevant in all aspects of cost management.

Unit Load Device

Any type of container or pallets used to consolidate packages of freight for mechanical handling.

Unit Load Pattern

The arrangement of the courses in a unitized load.

Unit of Driver Measure

The common denominator between groupings of similar activities. Example: 20 hours of process time is performed in an activity center. This time equates to a number of common activities varying in process time duration. The unit of measure is a standard measure of time such as a minute or an hour.

Unit of Measure (UOM)

The unit in which the quantity of an item is managed, e.g., pounds, each, box of 12, package of 20, or case of 144. Various UOMs may exist for a single item. For example, a product may be purchased in cases, stocked in boxes, and issued in single units.

Unit Train

An entire, uninterrupted locomotive, car, and caboose movement between an origin and destination.

Unit-of-measure conversion

A conversion ratio used whenever multiple units-of-measure are used with the same item. For example, if you purchased an item in cases (meaning that your purchase order stated a number of cases rather than a number of pieces) and then stocked the item in eaches, you would require a conversion to allow your system to calculate how many eaches are represented by a quantity of cases. This way, when you received the cases, your system would automatically convert the case quantity into an each quantity.

United Nations Standard Product and Service Code

developed jointly between the UN and Dun & Bradstreet (D&B). Has a five level coding structure (segment, family, class, commodity, business function) for nearly 9000 products.

United Nations Standard Product and Service Code (UN/SPSC)

Developed jointly between the United Nations and Dun & Bradstreet (D&B) . It has a five-level coding structure (segment, family, class, commodity, business function) for nearly 9,000 products.

United States Railway Association

The planning and funding agency for Conrail; created by the 3-R Act of 1973.


In warehousing, the consolidation of several units into larger units into larger units for fewer handlings.


To consolidate several packages into one unit; carriers strap, band, or otherwise attach the several packages together.

Unplanned Order

Orders which are received that do not fit into the volumes prescribed by the plans developed from forecasts.


See Unit of Measure.


See Uniform Product Code.


Charges added to a bill, particularly a freight bill, to cover additional costs that were not envisioned when a contract was written. These might include costs related to rapidly increasing fuel charges or costs related to government mandates. See also: Accessorial Charges.


Unearned Passenger Revenue


Uninterrupted Power Supply


The practice of attempting to sell a higher-value product to the customer.

Upside Production Flexibility

The number of days required to complete manufacture and delivery of an unplanned sustainable 20% increase in end-product supply of the predominant product line. The one constraint that is estimated to be the principal obstacle to a 20% increase in end-product supply as represented in days is Upside Flexibility: Principal Constraint. Upside flexibility can affect three possible areas: direct labor availability, internal manufacturing capacity, and key components or material availability.


Principal direction of movement for customer orders which originate at point of demand or use, as well as other flows, such as return product movements, payments for purchases, etc. Opposite of downstream.


Ukrainian Register

Urban Mass Transportation Administration

A U.S. Department of Transportation agency that develops comprehensive mass transport systems for urban areas and for providing financial aid to transit systems.


See Uniform Resource Locator.


Universal Resource Locator

Usage Rate

Measure of demand for product per unit of time (e.g., units per month, etc.).


United States Agency for International Development


Unless Sooner Commenced


United States Code


United States Coast Guard


United States Dollar


United States Department of Agriculture


United States Environmental Protection Agency.


United States Code of Federal Regulations


United States Trade Representative.


Actual electricity, telephone, etc., costs directly incurred by the warehouse.


A value established for commodities or services when amounts, quality and costs are determined.


EDIFACT Utilities master data message


EDIFACT Utilities time series message


Unless Used


Unless Used In Which Case Time Actually Used To Count


Unless Used In Which Case Time Actually Used To Count