Glossary

G.A./GA

General Average

G1D

G1D Radio transmission designatorPhase modulation with a single channel containing quantized or digital information without the use of a modulating sub-carrier for data transmission. (ALRS)

G2B

G2B Radio transmission designatorPhase modulation (automatic reception). A single channel containing quantized or digital information with the use of a modulating sub-carrier. (ALRS)

G7

Group of Seven Nations (United States, Canada, Japan, Britain, France, Germany, and Italy)

GA

General Average

GAA

General Agency Agreement

GAAP

Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.

Gain Sharing

A method of incentive compensation where supply chain partners share collectively in savings from productivity improvements. The concept provides an incentive to both the buying and supplier organizations to focus on continually reevaluating, reenergizing, and enhancing their business relationship. all aspects of value delivery are scrutinized, including specification design, order processing, inbound transportation, inventory management, obsolescence programs, material yield, forecasting and inventory planning, product performance, and reverse logistics. The focus is on driving out limited value cost while protecting profit margins.

Gantry Crane

Port crane used to load and discharge containers from vessels, can be positioned by moving along rail tracks.

Gap analysis

A comparison of the current performance of a business process with that reported to be the best-in-class. A gap analysis is used to prioritize multiple opportunities for improvement within the same supply chain.

Garment-on-Hanger

Method of storing apparel in containers for garments that should not be folded.

Gateway

(1) Shipping: Point at which freight moving from one territory to another is interchanged between transportation lines. (2) Computers: Computers, like bridges and routers, are a method of connecting two local area networks. Gateways translate between two LAN protocols. (3) Gateways: are protocol-specific and can only translate between two types of networks, not directly to PCs.

Gathering Lines

Oil pipelines that bring oil from the oil well to storage areas.

GATS

General Agreement on Trade in Services

GATT

See General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.

GATT

General Agreement On Tariffs and Trade 1994 (now WTO)

GB/L

See Government Bill of Lading.

GBL

see Government Bill of Lading

GBR

United Kingdom (Flag)

GCBS

General Council of British Shipping

GCS

Greater Coasting Service.

GDP

Gross Domestic Product

GDP

Gross Domestic Product: The total value of goods and services produced by a nation over a given period, usually 1 year.

GEARED SHIP

Ship equipped with her own cranes.

GEN

General Cargo

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)

A multilateral trade agreement aimed at expanding international trade as a means of raising world welfare.

General Average

See Marine Cargo Insurance.

General commodities carrier

A common motor carrier that has operating authority to transport general commodities, or all commodities not listed as special commodities.

General Commodity

Any commodity that is not household goods or personal effects.

General Order (GO)

A customs term referring to a warehouse where merchandise not entered within five working days after the carrier's arrival is stored at the risk and expense of the importer.

General-Commodities Carrier

A common motor carrier that has operating authority to transport general commodities, or all commodities not listed as special commodities.

General-Merchandise Warehouse

A warehouse used to store goods that are readily handled, are packaged, and do not require a controlled environment.

GENRAL

EDIFACT General purpose message

Genset

Generator sets which supply power to refrigerated containers when no external source is available. It is used to regulate the temperature in a reefer container. It can use its own power or plugs provided on the pier/vessel.

GESMES

EDIFACT Generic statistical message

GFP

Government-Furnished Property

GGIS

Geographic Information System

GIF

see Graphics Interchange Format

GIFA

Governing International Fisheries Agreements

GIS

Geographic Information System

GL

Germanischer Lloyd (German Class Society)

GLA

General Lighthouse Authority

Global Positioning System

A system that uses satellites equipment to precisely locate over-the-road equipment.

Global Positioning System (GPS)

A system which uses satellites to precisely locate an object on earth. Used by trucking companies to locate over-the-road equipment.

Global Strategy

A strategy that focuses on improving worldwide performance through the sales and marketing of common goods and services with minimum product variation by country. Its competitive advantage grows through selecting the best locations for operations in other countries.

Global Trade Item Number

A unique number that comprises up to 14 digits and is used to identify an item (product or service) upon which there is a need to retrieve pre-defined information that may be priced, ordered or invoiced at any point in the supply chain. The definition covers raw materials through end user products and includes services, all of which have pre-defined characteristics. GTIN is the globally-unique EAN.UCC System identification number, or key, used for trade items (products and services). It’s used for uniquely identifying trade items (products and services) sold, delivered, warehoused, and billed throughout the retail and commercial distribution channels. Unlike a UPC number, which only provides information specific to a group of products, the GTIN gives each product its own specific identifying number, giving greater accuracy in tracking. See EPC

Global Trade Management

The total optimization of the end-to-end international Supply-Chain, from product conception to final delivery — with focus on the integration of key cross-border (i.e., Trade and Customs) regulatory, strategic and system components — to ensure a seamless, secure, and cost-effective flow of goods, data and payments, across international borders.

Globalization

The process of making something worldwide in scope or application.

GLS

Gearless

GLS

Gearless

GMDSS

Global Maritime Distress and Safety System.Mainly a radio communication system which will take advantage of latest technology to enhance safety and allow the ships to sail without radio officer. Implemented since 1992, it should be fully operational by 1 February 1999. In the meantime it provoked thousands of false alarms, bulkers sank without any warning of their EPIRB

GMP

See Good manufacturing practices.

GMT

Greenwich Mean Time. Now mostly replaced by UTC or Z.

GN

Grain

GN

Grain

GNCN

General Conditions

GNCN

General Conditions

GNP

see Gross National Product

GNP

Gross National Product: GDP plus the net income accruing from foreign sources.

GNSS

Global Navigational Satellite System

GO

See General Order.

GO

Gas Oil

GOC

General operators' certificate with regard to GMDSS

GOH

see Garment-on-Hanger

Going-Concern Value

The value that a firm has as an entity, as opposed to the sum of the values of each of its parts taken separately; particularly important in determining a reasonable railroad rate.

GOM

Gulf Of Mexico

Gondola

A railcar with a flat platform and sides three to five feet high, used for top loading long, heavy items.

Good manufacturing practices

That part of the pharmaceutical quality assurance, which ensures that products are consistently produced and controlled in conformity with quality standards appropriate for their intended use and as required by the product specification.

Good manufacturing practices (GMP) or 21 CFR, part

Requirements governing the quality procedures of medical device manufacturers.

Goods

A term associated with more than one definition: 1) Common term indicating movable property, merchandise, or wares. 2) All materials which are used to satisfy demands. 3) Whole or part of the cargo received from the shipper, including any equipment supplied by the shipper.

Goods Purchased For Resale

By definition implies that goods are intended to make a profit. This definition does not include raw materials purchased by an agency for conversion to a finished product with the intent to recoup cost of materials and overhead only.

Goods Received Note

Documentation raised by the recipient of materials or products.

GOV

Gross Observed Volume

Government Bill of Lading

The bill of lading used for shipments completed by U.S. Government agencies.

Government Bill of Lading (GB/L)

The bill of lading used for shipments made by U.S. Government agencies.

GPS

See Global Positioning System

Grandfather Clause

A provision that enabled motor carriers engaged in lawful trucking operations before the passage of the Motor Carrier Act of 1935 to secure common carrier authority w/o proving public convenience and necessity; a similar provision exists for other modes.

Grandfathering

Clause creating an exemption based on circumstances previously existing.

Granger Laws

State laws passed before 1870 in Midwestern states to control rail transportation.

Graphics Interchange Format

A graphical file format commonly used to display indexed-color images on the World Wide Web. GIF is a compressed format, designed to minimize file transfer time over standard phone lines.

GRD

Geared

Great Lakes Carriers

Water carriers that operate on the five Great Lakes.

GRI

General Rate Increasing

GRI

General Rate Increase

Grid technique

A quantitative technique to determine the least-cost center, given raw materials sources and markets, for locating a plant or warehouse.

Grid Technique:

A quantitative technique to determine the least-cost center, given raw materials sources and markers, for locating a plant or warehouse.

GRN

see Goods Received Note

Gross Inventory

Value of inventory at standard cost before any reserves for excess and obsolete items are taken.

Gross Margin

The difference between total revenue and the cost-of-goods sold. Synonym: Gross Profit Margin.

Gross National Product

A measure of a nation’s output, the total value of all final goods and services produced during a period of time.

Gross National Product (GNP)

A measure of a nation's output; the total value of all final goods and services a nation produces during a time period.

Gross Weight

The total weight of the vehicle and the payload of freight or passengers.

Groupthink

A situation in which critical information is withheld from the team because individual members censor or restrain themselves, either because they believe their concerns are not worth discussing or because they are afraid of confrontation.

GRT

Gross Restricted Tonnage

GSA

General Sales Agent

GSB

Guaranteed Safe Berth

GSC

Global Supply Chain

GSP

Good Safe Port

GTDI

European Guidelines for Trade Data Interchange.

GTEE

Guarantee

GTIN

Global Tracking Identification Number or Global Trade Item Number. GTIN is the globally-unique EAN.UCC System identification number, or key, used for trade items (products and services) . It's used for uniquely identifying trade items (products and services) sold, delivered, warehoused, and billed throughout the retail and commercial distribution channels. Unlike a UPC number, which only provides information specific to a group of products, the GTIN gives each product its own specific identifying number, giving greater accuracy in tracking. Also see: EPC.

GTM

Global Trade Management.

GTM

See Global Trade Management

Guarantee

A warranty or statement of performance assurance, quality standards or other promises related to a purchase.

Guaranteed Loans

Railroad loans that the federal government cosigns and guarantees.

GUI

Graphical User Interface.

GWT

Gross Weight